If your goal is to retire early, you may be wondering how soon you can start receiving your. While the choice is primarily yours, there are several factors to consider when making the decision, including how your benefits are calculated by the Social Security Administration.
There are pros and cons to retiring early or waiting several more years. The best place to start your decision is to look at your current financial situation, including any other money you’ve saved over the years through your 401(k),or other retirement investments to determine what is best for you.
We spoke with an expert and took advice from the Social Security Administration on how to determine the best time to collect your benefits. If you plan to retire soon, note that Social Security payments arein January.
How are Social Security benefits calculated?
The Social Security Administration uses your average monthly salary up to 35 years of professional experience to calculate your “primary insurance amount” or the benefit you would receive at full retirement age. This calculation includes income up to amount of the “taxable maximum”i.e. $147,000 for 2022.
After determining the number of years worked, Social Security chooses the years with the highest incomes, taking inflation into account, takes the sum of those earnings and then divides it by the total number of months worked in those years. The resulting average is then rounded down to the next lower dollar amount.
Your income is then indexed so that future benefits are reflected in current living standards to help offset . This number of “average indexed monthly earnings” is then used to calculate your monthly benefit. The maximum social security benefit for someone at full retirement age in 2022 is $3,345.
If you are a joint Where ex-spouse from someone who paid into Social Security through taxes, you may be able to claim some of their benefits. You can choose to receive this share or a payment based on your own work history, whichever is greater.
The Social Security Administration provides calculators to estimate your future benefits. is a great way to see your current benefits or expected payments when you plan to retire.
When should I start receiving Social Security benefits?
You can start receiving your Social Security benefits no earlier than age 62, although you will receive a lower amount than you expected. If you wait until full retirement age (67 or older for people born in 1960 or later), you can collect more money, but over fewer years. However, everyone’s situation is different. The The Social Security Administration says “There is no one ‘best age’ for everyone and ultimately it is your choice.”
Katherine Tierney, Senior Retirement Strategist for Client Needs Research at a Financial Services Company Edward Jonessuggests asking yourself these questions: When did you want to retire and when can you afford to retire?
When you can afford to retire depends on the lifestyle you want, as well as where you’ll live in retirement, Tierney said. It also depends on how much you’ve saved for retirement and how much you’ve contributed to your 401(k). You should also consider whether you will have other forms of retirement income, such as a part-time job or a pension. Your health and life expectancy are also other factors to consider.
Should you wait until you’re older to get a bigger payment? Or take early retirement with a smaller payment?
Deciding whether to retire early and claim your benefits sooner or wait a few more years might be a matter of concern if you are approaching retirement age.
“Social Security can act as insurance against living longer than expected, and it provides some protection against inflation since your benefit is adjusted for increases in the cost of living,” Tierney said. “The longer you or your spouse expect to live, the longer it may make sense to wait to claim your Social Security benefit.”
But just because you decide to wait to claim your benefits doesn’t mean you have to delay your retirement, she explained. However, you need to make sure you have income from your 401(k) or other investments so that you can pay your living expenses if you are late in applying for your benefit.
However, if you rely solely on Social Security benefits to pay your expenses in retirement, waiting until you retire and claiming your benefits at a later date might be a better choice. You will receive more money each month and you will have more time to save for your retirement.
In addition, if you choose to retire early, your benefits will be reduced for each month before full retirement age. For example, if you were born in 1960 or later and you retire at age 62 with a retirement benefit of $1,000 per month, your payment would be reduced to $700 (or a 30% reduction).
On the plus side, that’s still $700 that you wouldn’t otherwise receive during that time if you weren’t receiving your Social Security benefits. So you could benefit from collecting payments over a longer period of time.
If you retire early, could you run out of money?
Although you do not miss Social Security benefits (although there is a threat the entire Social Security money pool may begin to dwindle), you could deplete your 401(k) or other retirement savings. However, you can help avoid this by being conservative with your withdrawal rate if you retire early, Tierney said.
She recommends regularly monitoring your expenses and 401(k) withdrawal rate so you don’t outlive your assets. Forgoing an annual increase in spending or reducing spending – especially when the market is down oras we are now – can help you avoid depleting your retirement savings.
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